The Novy Svet Winery was founded in 1878 when Prince Lev Golitsyn had
acquired the Novy Svet estate and decided to start a promising business –
sparkling wine production. His purpose was to create an elitist
beverage which would not be inferior to the best French Champagnes.
the Novy Svet estate he established a nursery for vines and collected
about 600 grape varieties. After many years of work Golitsyn had arrived
at the conclusion that “Grapes and wine is a product of the region”,
which is true even today. He had selected the best grape varieties which
became basic for the local sparkling wines: Pinot, Chardonnay, Aligote,
Riesling. Presently, the Crimean winemakers use these grape varieties
for the sparkling wine production.
At the same time with the vines
selection he was managing the construction of the tunnels where his
sparkling wine would age. Most of them were cut in the monolith of the
Koba-Kaya mount. Several tunnels are located below the sea level; it
helps to maintain permanent temperature of 8-12 degrees necessary for
aging. The tunnel cellars are in perfect condition, and most of them are
used by the Novy Svet Winery even today.
Even the very first lots of
sparkling wine made by Golitsyn in the 1880-s became internationally
known. Golisyn was the very first winemaker in Russia to use the Empire
emblem on his wines labels.
The Golisyn’s Coronation sparkling wine
was served in 1896 at the Nicolas II Coronation reception. For the first
time in history at the Coronation reception of the Russian Emperor the
Russian sparkling wine was served, not the French Champagne.
1990 World Exhibition, held in Paris, the Novy Svet Golisyn’s sparkling
wine won the Grand Prix. There was an amusing incident at the festive
dinner in honor of the head of the jury Count Shandon: the Count had
confused Moet and Shandon’s Champgne with the Crimean Novy Svet
sparkling wine. That was a triumph of Prince Golitsyn: for the first
time his wine received such appreciation.
After Golisyn’s death
his daughter Nadezhda inherited the estate and the Winery.
October revolution of 1917 and the civil war the Novy Svet property had
been plundered many times. In 1920 the Winery was nationalized and the
situation more or less stabilized. It was the beginning of the new
history and the Novy Svet Winery was re-born. Its new official
foundation date is the first of December 1920.
Today the Novy
Svet Winery is government owned. Yanina Petrovna Pavlenko, its present
director, has become the very first lady in charge of the Novy Svet
Winery. Many innovations introduced by Yanina allow the Novy Svet
Winery to compete successfully with the leading European classic